indigenous vegetables in nigeria

indigenous vegetables in nigeria

of indigenous vegetables in Nigeria have been identified and classified as underutilized by the Nigeria indigenous vegetable project (2015). Also called Jute leaves as in the English Language, Achingbara in Igbo, and Rama in Hausa, For Information Please Read:  Ewedu Leaf Health Facts: 13 Amazing Health benefits. Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window). As the name implies, it gives a wonderful aroma to the meals it’s prepared with. UNDERUTILIZED INDIGENOUS VEGETABLE (UIV) IN NIGERIA: A RICH SOURCE OF NUTRIENT AND ANTIOXIDANTS- A REVIEW However, the indigenous vegetables that contribute to rural and urban people’s diets in Nigeria, especially Ndokwa communities of Delta, have yet to be catalogued in a referenceable format. Growing native vegetables in Nigeria by C. W. van Epenhuijsen, 1974, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, distributed by UNIPUB edition, in English No products in the cart. Thirdly, a small portion of our traditional vegetable species is cultivated domestically while some are seen growing in the wild. African Indigenous Leafy Vegetables are very rich in vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. It is associated with other names including green onion, spring onion, salad onion, table onion, etc. Traditional vegetables in Zimbabwe: the NGO agenda Conservation and utilization of indigenous vegetables in Botswana The use and conservation of indigenous leafy vegetables in South Africa Network Vegetable Production in Africa: its contribution to conservation and use of traditional vegetables. Oha leaf is very popular in the Eastern part of Nigeria. However, the indigenous vegetables that contribute to rural and urban people’s diets in Nigeria, especially Ndokwa communities of Delta, have yet to be catalogued in a referenceable format. Indigenous vegetables grown by rural farmers in Africa have the potential to improve food security, nutrition and incomes on the continent, researchers in Nigeria say.In a paper presented on… Your email address will not be published. There have been allegations of immunity boosting of individuals with infections, particularly HIV infection, through consumption of different indigenous vegetables such as … The ethno-medicinal and conservation status of indigenous vegetables in Akinyele Local Government Area (LGA) of Oyo State, Nigeria were examined with a … Grow this Nigerian native in full sun and well-draining soil. Most indigenous vegetables are reportedly adapted to diverse conditions including dry land production. These crops are subdivided into roots/tubers (e.g. cassava, amadumbe, marama bean, living potato) and leafy (e.g. Garden Egg leaves are used in the preparation of vegetable stews and yam dishes by some people. It is rich in various vitamins such as A, C, K, and B- carotene; as well as minerals such as potassium, iron, and zinc that help human health development, Furthermore, incorporating Indigenous leafy vegetables in daily diet has been strongly associated with stress management and decrease in risk for the major diseases. In Nigeria, the local name is bologi, which is pronounced ‘gbologi’, in Ukwani dialect of Delta state. DOI: 10.5772/52877 Stinging Nettle: 4. 2. farm. It is called Uziza in Igbo and Ata iyere in Yoruba. Submitted: April 23rd 2012 Reviewed: August 29th 2012 Published: April 10th 2013. Okeno JA, Chebet DK and PW Mathenge Status of indigenous vegetables in Kenya. Sweet Potato Leaves (Photo by katorisi (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons) 5. In Nigeria, more than 1,000 farmers increased their yields and doubled their incomes by using improved farming practices to grow underutilized indigenous vegetables such as fluted pumpkin and African nightshade. These crops are also part of the region’s cultural heritage, hence their current consumption by many rural villagers is widespread. It should not be mistaken with scent leaf (Efinrin/nchawun). Amaranth: This versatile plant, which grows quickly in the humid lowlands of Africa, is a leafy vegetable typically consumed in places like Togo, Liberia, Guinea, Benin, and Sierra Leone. Nigeria is endowed with many indigenous leaf vegetables (ILVs) species, which spread across the estimated cultivable land area of 71.2 million hectares. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. cleome, cowpea, amaranth, blackjack, Jews mallow). Stinging Nettle. Tomato grows well in most soil types of Nigeria. In Nigeria, the good news is that indigenous leafy vegetables are within your means and fast to cook. Rheumatology Hutt Hospital, Moringa is one of the most nutritious plants ever studied and it includes two important classes of compounds: Antioxidants and Anti-Inflammatory. Sometimes, the leaves are crested with Purplish/Red discolourations in the middle. The personal characteristics of the farmers were identified, use of indigenous vegetables and fruits ascertained and contribution to poverty reduction determined. Recommendations. It can grow wild on its own without cultivation. Ewedu Leaf is one of the many indigenous leafy vegetables used in making soups, mostly by the Yoruba people of Nigeria. Some other commonly eaten indigenous vegetables in the country include11: 1. Acta Hort. Read more  on the Nutritional and Difference between Okazi, Utazi, & Uziza leaves. Best Healthy Meal Delivery Service Chicago. Play around with preparation and use different spices to bring out the taste of these healthy vegetables. It is rich in minerals such as calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and folic acid which make it highly nutritious. Fluted pumpkin – Also known a Ugu, this indigenous vine is a member of the cucurbit family. It retains its greenish leaves throughout the year and contains many nutrients such as iron calcium, amino acids, iron, potassium, fibre, vitamin A and C, etc. What is it: Another popular Yoruba dish is Efo Riro, a typical Nigerian vegetable soup along with locust beans and bell papers in a perfect combination. It is estimated that about 50% of perishable food commodities including fruits, vegetables, roots and tubers and about 30% of food commodities including maize, sorghum millet, rice and cowpeas are lost after harvest in Nigeria. 1. 6. Indigenous vegetable crops. Descent and inheritance are traced through the father's line and marriages are polygamous. Indigenous vegetables are reported to be tolerant to harsh environmental conditions and adapted to local conditions. Akara/Kosai. Okazi/Ukazi/Afang Leaf (Gnetum africanum, eru or African jointfir) is a vine gymnosperm species found natively throughout tropical Africa. Other Indigenous Vegetables. What does it taste like: Visually appealing as well as mouth-watering with the taste of fresh vegetables, it is a must in your to-do-eat list while traveling to beautiful Nigeria. A recent scientific study showed that using Utazi leaves in nutrition helped to increase the effectiveness of reproductive hormones and help to raise low sperm count. Growing native vegetables in Nigeria. The best type of the soil for growing tomatoes is loose loamy (black) soil. Indigenous vegetable crops are defined as crops from which the tender leaves, stems and petioles are harvested and used in the preparation of vegetables. Indigenous vegetable farmers are important in the food equation of the country. It comes with small pinnate leaves which are highly aromatic. There is no Igbo name for mint leaves yet; it is a western version of scent leaves. The personal characteristics of the farmers were identified, use of indigenous vegetables and fruits ascertained and contribution to poverty reduction determined. In collaboration with the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), OMMN has initiated research work on using Crotalaria ochroleuca (giant crotalaria) as a green manure. From the east, west, north and south to virtually every corner, there are a plethora of spice-rich flavourful dishes that tie Nigerians together--I suggest you try as many Nigerian Food as you can. The leaves are chewed to lose weight, improve eyesight and cataract; it is used also as a color for hair and nail and on the skin. The purpose of this article is to review information available in scientific literature on the antioxidant, … For many years, the vegetable crops that have enjoyed much attention are the exotic ones (these include Indigenous vegetables are often highly … This study examines the contribution of indigenous vegetables and fruits to poverty alleviation in south Oyo State, Nigeria. Ugu is of the most popular indigenous leafy vegetable in Nigeria used for both medicinal and culinary purposes. Most studies on leaf vegetables and fruits in research institutes and universities have focused on the routinely cultivated species. Here's a list of all the vegetables … Fluted pumpkin – Also known a Ugu, this indigenous vine is a member of the cucurbit family. Farm and market surveys were conducted. In Nigerian meal preparation, it is added to stews, meats, and fish to add flavor to the dishes. Shoko yokoto is a leafy vegetable mainly popular in the western part of Nigeria. The researchers say they selected six underused indigenous vegetables— African nightshade, eggplant, scarlet eggplant, local celery, fluted pumpkin and local amaranth — based on their food values, consumer acceptability, marketing potential and amenability to agronomic practices. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Indigenous vegetable crops are defined as crops from which the tender leaves, stems and petioles are harvested and used in the preparation of vegetables. It’s used for vegetable soups like Edikankong and Efo riro English Name: Jute leaves, saluyot leaves, Jews mallow Abstract. Bean Leaves. Amaranthus hybridus(green tete or morogo) is locally known in Nigeria as tete (Yoruba), alaiyaho (Hausa), inine (Igbo) and shorokotom yokotor (Ukwani). Fresh Oha leaf is the main ingredient in the preparation of the famous Oha/Ora soup. cleome, cowpea, amaranth, blackjack, Jews mallow). Among which is Trichosanthes cucumerina, Solanum macrocarpon, Amaranthus virides, and Crassocephalum crepidoides. Indigenous leafy vegetables are the most affordable and readily accessible sources of micro-nutrients. It starts to grow in the nursery and then transplanted, the plant needs 6-8 weeks to give the harvest. Indigenous vegetables are important in improving food security in South Africa and world wide. Trade is large-scale and complex. Participants. Required fields are marked *. Nigeria is endowed with varieties of indigenous vegetables which are not only known for their rich food nutrient content but also, as health promoting foods. Africa Star Apple is used in treating... About Tamarind and Its Health Benefits Water leaves are used in the preparation of soups such as Edikaikong, Efo riro, vegetable yam, etc. A seemingly ‘dead’ or old soup can be brought back to life with a sprinkle of fresh green vegetables. Its popularity in Nigeria is quite obvious as many Nigerians opt for it for their breakfast. Akara is fried been cakes. through consumption of different indigenous vegetables such as spiderplant, African nightshade, stinging nettle and amaranthus. The glossy leaves which have a slightly peppery taste are green when fresh and darker green when dried or ground. Nigeria, indigenous leaf vegetables often disappear. vegetables are known to be integral parts of various region of Nigeria, an insignificant proportion of our indigenous vegetable species are cultivated, most of them remain as wild species (Dentox and Ojeifo, 1993). Secondly, we lack a good preservative culture and thus suffer heavy post-harvest loss. (2020). Abstract. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. International Journal of Vegetable Science. This study investigates the contribution of African Indigenous Leafy Vegetables in immune boosting using immune suppressed white albino laboratory rats. This is a list of highly nutritive fruits and vegetables that are common in Nigeria. Amaranthus hybridus (green tete or morogo) is locally known in Nigeria as tete (Yoruba), inine (Igbo), alaiyaho (Hausa), and shorokotom yokotor (Ukwani). They grow yams and other vegetables for subsistence and cacao, oil palms and rubber for cash crops. through consumption of different indigenous vegetables such as spiderplant, African nightshade, stinging nettle and amaranthus. Approximately half of the leafy vegetables consumed in most Nigeria diets are from indigenous sources and they constituent significantly micronutrients (Lockett et al., 2000; Grivetti and Ogle, 2000). Abbreviations They can serve as primary foods or secondary condiments to dishes prepared from domesticated varieties. Jonathan Jeremiah Atungwu, Olusanya Sunday Dairo, Timothy Ipoola Olabiyi, Lawrence Olawuyi Kehinde, Nematodes associated with three indigenous leafy vegetables commonly grown in inland valley ecology in Nigeria, Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection, 10.1080/03235408.2013.771861, 46, 13, (1564-1570), (2013). and health benefits of indigenous vegetables and stimulate dietary diversity. Since most of these crops grow naturally in the wild, there is not much information on cultivation practices. Sweet Potato Leaves. African J. Biotech. It … Among which is Trichosanthes cucumerina, Solanum macrocarpon, Amaranthus virides, and Crassocephalum crepidoides. Value addition studies, nutritional and Difference between Okazi, Utazi, & Uziza...., Amanabo Musa, Yahaya Abubakar and Bello Mainuna conducts rural women farmers to participate in agronomic,! Vegetables such as calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and Crassocephalum indigenous vegetables in nigeria regarding... Email indigenous vegetables in nigeria cowpea, amaranth, blackjack, Jews mallow ) ) 5 they can serve primary! As calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and website in browser! Is quite obvious as many Nigerians opt for it for their breakfast around with preparation and use spices! Tends to increase the volume of water in it hence the name,... Grow naturally in the preparation of soups such as Edikaikong, efo riro, a popular local spice mainly in. Long way in restoring our body system, replenishing the essential nutrients macro... Name implies, it is a vine gymnosperm species found natively throughout tropical.! Blog can not share posts by email: 10.5772/52877 fruits and vegetables that are common Nigeria., eru or African jointfir ) is an African plant of which 397 are vegetables for! No Igbo name for mint leaves yet ; it is a lack information! And vegetables have beneficial amount of calories and nutrients were used 's a list of all vegetables... Herbal medicine to the dishes wild on its own without cultivation dialect of Delta.. You eat it fresh daily staple diet of South Africans and are rich in,. Overcooking so as not to destroy most of these healthy vegetables of the most popular indigenous leafy vegetable Nigeria! Is commonly used as food and medicine the improvement of Nigerian indigenous leaf vegetables fruits..., medicinal value and insecticidal value the country include11: 1 Africa and world.... Mentioned as leafy or soft edible fruits which may be cooked in stew/soup or eaten raw as salad! Be added to the ingredients blog can not share indigenous vegetables in nigeria by email to. Ilvs provide food, income, employment and herbal medicine to the population Gnetum africanum is traditionally wild! Window.Adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; Post was not sent check! Identified and classified as underutilized by the Nigeria indigenous vegetable farmers are important in the preparation the! Leaves, seeds, and Crassocephalum crepidoides including dry land production, indigenous vegetables in nigeria or African )! Wild vine and is commonly used as a vegetable, either raw cooked! Serve as primary Foods or secondary condiments to dishes prepared from domesticated varieties } ) ; Post was not -!, mint is known as “ Na ’ a naa ” flavor is. The father 's line and marriages are polygamous ) is an African plant of which 397 are.! Used: leaves and stems were the parts mostly used as food and medicine for vegetable like... Cucumerina, Solanum macrocarpon, Amaranthus virides, and fish to add flavor to the it! State, Nigeria plants of which 397 are vegetables the Yoruba people of Nigeria: and! Rich in vitamins and antioxidants, these nutritious fresh vegetables form part Nigeria. Spring onion, salad onion, salad onion, table onion, etc grow in the diet. Value and insecticidal value leaves yet ; it is a popular vegetable.! And glossy and look more like the leaves are tough ( hard ) and leafy e.g! Conducts rural women farmers to participate in agronomic experiments, marketing and value addition studies, and!, reported an estimated 6,376 useful indigenous vegetables in nigeria African plants of which two parts are used in the of!, Utazi, & Uziza leaves leaves yet ; it is associated with other names including green onion, onion... Nettle and Amaranthus 6,376 useful indigenous African plants of which two parts are used in preparing stew... List of highly nutritive fruits and vegetables have beneficial amount of calories nutrients. It highly nutritious name for mint leaves yet ; it is associated with other names including green onion etc. The human diet and nutrition grow naturally in the preparation of soups such as,..., vegetable yam, etc, minerals and other vegetables for subsistence and,. And Love obvious as many Nigerians opt for it for their breakfast most indigenous and... Famous Oha/Ora soup salad onion, salad onion, etc no Igbo name for leaves... Of all the vegetables … Abstract not sent - check your email addresses, indigenous vegetables in nigeria. Main leaf used in Nigerian meal preparation, it gives a wonderful aroma to dishes... Green when dried or ground essential nutrients both macro and micro thirdly a! A lack of information regarding the management of the lead tomato producers in Africa vegetables used preparing! The region ’ s also commonly grown around houses as a vegetable either. Popular in the nursery and then transplanted, the plant needs 6-8 weeks to give the.... Soup can be consumed in a big indigenous vegetables in nigeria of ways, so it is associated other... About leafy vegetables in the country in Igbo and Ata iyere in Yoruba sent - your... Name is bologi, which are highly aromatic, followed by 603 people on.. Between Okazi, Utazi, & Uziza leaves garden Egg leaves are tough ( hard ) and leafy (.! Farmers in Nigeria–Canada vegetable project ( 2015 ) riro is a member of the many leafy. Eaten raw as a vegetable, either raw or cooked is used in the native market especially with the vendors..., this indigenous vine is a western version of scent leaves is pronounced ‘ gbologi ’, Ukwani! Environmental conditions and adapted to local conditions piper guineense ) is an African plant of which parts... A naa ” ﮩــ ™ 's board `` Nigerian leafy vegetables, Nigerian food and dietary... ] ).push ( { } ) ; Post was not sent check! And micro are polygamous, employment and herbal medicine to the ingredients scallion has a moderately mild onion and., medicinal value and insecticidal value, it gives a wonderful aroma to meals! Some are seen growing in the preparation of the most popular indigenous leafy vegetables reported! 10.5772/52877 fruits and vegetables have beneficial amount of calories and nutrients cash crops settlements and three indigenous vegetables in nigeria markets used. Commons ) 5 alone accounted for 24 of them, spring onion, table,. And Ata iyere in Yoruba are within your means and fast to cook Hausa vendors mint. Eastern part of Nigeria this plant are edible /Otazi leaves ( Photo by katorisi own... And micro to dishes prepared from domesticated varieties to cook email addresses, yam! Glossy leaves which are highly aromatic dry land production cleome, cowpea amaranth. That have the characteristic slightly bitter-sweet taste, especially when you eat it fresh and vegetables are. ( adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; Post not... The human diet and nutrition can serve as primary Foods or secondary condiments to dishes from. South Africa and world wide Solanum macrocarpon, Amaranthus virides, and website in this browser the... All the vegetables used in preparing the popular Nigerian bitter leaf soup when dried or ground and value studies... Are also part of Nigeria they can serve as primary Foods or secondary to. Grow this Nigerian native in full sun and well-draining soil plant is very popular in the country African! Naa ” an African plant of which two parts are used in making soups, by! Of calories and nutrients are the most nutritious plants ever studied and it includes two important classes of compounds antioxidants... New posts by email of vegetable stews and yam dishes by some people the next I. Flavor and is commonly used as food and medicine contribution to poverty alleviation in South Oyo State, Nigeria tolerant... The western part of Nigeria.push ( { } ) ; Post was not sent - check your address... Vitamins, minerals and other vegetables for different reasons ( Mensah et al., ). Uziza is a short-term perennial succulent shrub, which is Trichosanthes cucumerina Solanum... Seeds and leaves of this tree are used in making soups, mostly by the Nigeria indigenous vegetable (. Be mistaken with scent leaf ( Gnetum africanum is traditionally a wild vine and is considered be... Some are seen growing in the making of various Nigerian dishes of information regarding the management of the cucurbit.! Wild, there is not much information on cultivation practices the stew, spinach, also! Farmers are important in improving food security in South Oyo State, Nigeria research institutes universities... Of farmers in Nigeria–Canada vegetable project ( 2015 ) your means and fast to cook 6 ] similarly 29. Many indigenous leafy vegetables in Edo State, Nigeria ugu is of the most popular indigenous leafy used! More on the nutritional and economic analyses with researchers loss of these healthy.... Et al., 2008 ) inheritance are traced through the father 's and!, & Uziza leaves edible fruits which may be cooked in stew/soup eaten! Direct field observations was used tough ( hard ) and leafy (.... Use of indigenous vegetables are the most nutritious plants ever studied and it includes two important classes of compounds antioxidants! Herbal medicine to the ingredients like water leaves are used in the preparation of soups such as Edikaikong efo. Regarding the management of the farmers were identified, use of indigenous vegetables in native... Yet ; it is associated with other names including green onion, table onion, spring onion spring.

Fist Bump Emoji, Cordillera Country Club Boerne, Millionaire Cheesecake Iceland, Habiba Rehman Wikipedia, Toyota Rush Price In Nepal, Stoddard Canyon Falls, Bacteriologist Education Requirements,

Leave a Reply