battle of mons

battle of mons

The British line was shaped somewhat like a broad arrow with its tip at Mons. The collapse of the Mons salient inevitably led to a slight withdrawal by the remainder of the II Corps, and by nightfall a new line had been established some 3 miles (5 km) from the canal. In addition, British guns, though vastly outnumbered by the German artillery, gave most effective support. Fierce Fighting into Mons. It was one of the so-called Battles of the Frontiers that took place during August 1914 at Mulhouse, Lorraine, the Ardennes, Charleroi and Mons. Now, the Canadians had a chance to capture Mons on the last day of the war. The German army, though beaten, fought a fierce rear-guard action as it retreated towards Mons. During the late afternoon and evening, French had been receiving disquieting news as to the situation of the French army on his right. In his brief film career, the Italian-born actor established a reputation as the archetypal screen lover. It was fought along the eastern borders of France and in Belgium. At nine o’clock on the morning of August 23, German guns opened fire on the British positions at Mons, focusing on the northernmost point of a salient formed by a loop in the canal. Background to the Battle of Mons: The trigger for the Great War, or First World War, was the murder of the heir to the Austrian throne, Arch-Duke Ferdinand, and his duchess in Sarajevo on 28 th June 1914 by Gavrilo Princip, a member of a gang of Serbian Nationalists who objected to the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina by Austria. German losses are said by official British sources to have been in excess of 5,000 but this figure is disputed. Recapturing Mons now, at the end of the war, was of huge symbolic importance to the Allies. The Battle of Mons was the first engagement on the Western Front in which the advancing German army clashed with the advancing Allied armies along the Franco-Belgian and Franco-German borders. It was the first battle the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) took part in and was a subsidiary battle of the Battle of the Frontiers where the Allied army took on the German Army over the French Borders. 24th Aug 1914 The Battle of Mons At 2 a.m. on 24 August, II Corps was ordered to retreat into France to defensible a position along the Valenciennes to Maubeuge road, requiring a number of sharp rearguard actions against the pursuing Germans. Historical map of the Western Front during World War I. In these circumstances not only was the planned Allied offensive out of the question, but also the British line was now untenable. The Germans were cautious about pushing into the town, however, and it was not until after 7:00 pm that they entered Mons. But when the French army had been defeated at the Battle of the Sambre on the 22nd August . García became the first Mexican ...read more, The death of silent-screen idol Rudolph Valentino at the age of 31 sends his fans into a hysterical state of mass mourning. The previous battle in the First World War is the Battle of Mons The next battle in the First World War is the Battle of Battle of Landrecies To the First World War index. When day broke on August 23, the British force of about 75,000 men and 300 guns was opposed by some 150,000 men and 600 guns of the German First Army under Gen. Alexander von Kluck. On 22–23 August 1914, the first major engagement of the British Expeditionary Force in the First World War occurred at the Battle of Mons. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. She was well connected in the capital ...read more, On August 23, 1784, four counties in western North Carolina declare their independence as the state of Franklin. South of the canal, the crests of the high ground afforded the British useful sites for artillery, but the slag heaps of the numerous mines limited observation to some extent. Many of the battalions defending the salient had taken heavy casualties – the 4th Middlesex, for example, had suffered 15 officers and 353 other ranks … The Battle of Mons was the last of four “Battles of the Frontiers” that took place over as many days on the Western Front between Allied and German forces in the opening month of World War I. Updates? The Battle of Mons was fought August 23, 1914, during World War I (1914-1918) and was the British Army's first engagement of the conflict. The Battle of Mons was a minor engagement, but because it was the first entry of British troops in the war, it was portrayed as an epic battle to the British public. BEF commander Field Marshal Sir John French soon learned that the French Fifth Army under Charles Lanrezac had been checked on August 21 and deprived of the crossing of the Sambre River. The previous April, the state of North Carolina had ceded its western land claims between the Allegheny ...read more. A reenactment of the 1914 World War I battle, Mons features some of the surviving veterans playing themselves. Date of the Battle of Mons (2 nd Day): Elouges: 24 th August 1914.. Place of the Battle of Mons (2 nd Day): Elouges: Northern France on the Belgian Border.. War: The First World War known as the ‘Great War’. After Nazi Germany’s invasion of Czechoslovakia, ...read more, On August 23, 1989, as punishment for betting on baseball, Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose accepts a settlement that includes a lifetime ban from the game. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Britain declared war on Germany on August 4, 1914, and the lead elements of the BEF began arriving in France just days later. Although thus placed in an exposed forward position, French agreed to stand at Mons with his two corps to cover Lanrezac’s left. Operating at the extreme left of the Allied line, the British assumed a position near Mons, Belgium … As many as 5,000 Germans were killed or wounded in the one-day engagement. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Battle-of-Mons-1914, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Battle of Mons, 23 August 1914, The History Learning Site - The Battle of Mons. On August 23, 1914, in their first confrontation on European soil since the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, four divisions of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), commanded by Sir John French, struggle with the German 1st Army over the 60-foot-wide Mons Canal in Belgium, near the French frontier. The most prevalent legend was that of the “Angel of Mons,” who had appeared on the battlefield carrying a flaming sword and faced the advancing Germans, impeding their progress. From that time onward the guns were gradually extended westward as battery after battery came into action against the British II Corps. During the Battle of the Frontiers British and French troops attempted to stop the German advance and prevent them out-flanking the French army. The German victory forced the BEF into a retreat that was not checked until the First Battle of the Marne. Battle of Mons, (August 23, 1914) engagement between the British Expeditionary Force and the German army at Mons, Belgium, during the Battle of the Frontiers in the opening weeks of World War I. About 11:30 pm, he received a telegram confirming that the Belgian fortress of Namur had fallen during the day and that Lanrezac’s Fifth Army was withdrawing after fierce attacks by Gen. Karl von Bülow’s Second Army. During the first monumental turn of the WW1, heavily outnumbered British troops set out to corner German soldiers at the Battle of Mons during 22-23 August 1914. Once Kluck had grasped the real state of affairs, his plan appears to have been to envelop both the British flanks while bombarding the front heavily with his guns. By late morning, Kluck had realized that the British were in strength on the canal and that the troops at Tournai, now known to be French, had retired toward Lille. Roads north and west of Mons were blocked and defended. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. “A” Company of the 4th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (9th Brigade, 3rd Division) on 22 August, 1914, resting in the square at Mons, Belgium, the day before the Battle of Mons. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. On the morning of 3 September, the 3rd Armored Division and other elements of VII Corps were disposed south and southwest of Mons. Angel of Mons. The Battle of Mons The so-called “battle of Mons” is due to a set of circumstances that were absolutely foreign to the wishes of the opponents. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Naval Operations in the Dardanelles Campaign. Lie… The first three—at Lorraine, Ardennes and Charleroi—involved French forces under the central command of General Joseph Joffre. Under the weight of continuing German attacks, by the afternoon the British began to realize that their position in the salient was untenable. While the French threw away much of the flower of their army in head-on assaults against the German forces, the great right hook of the German offensive struck the Allied left, falling on a segment of the French army and the small but doughty British Expeditionary Force. A cluster of eight cases of St. Louis encephalitis was diagnosed among patients in the ...read more, Natascha Kampusch, an Austrian teenager who was kidnapped at age 10, escapes from her captor, Wolfgang Priklopil, after more than eight years. The Battle of Mons Graupius was, according to Tacitus, a Roman military victory in what is now Scotland, taking place in AD 83 or, less probably, 84. The Allied success at the Battle of Amiens (August 8–11, 1918) led to an aggressive In Mons, the Royal Fusiliers 4th Batallion faced the heaviest fighting in the battle and thanks to their fighting they earned the first Victoria Cross of the First World War. Battle of Mons, (November 11, 1918), engagement fought on the last day of World War I, in which Canadian forces captured the Belgian town of Mons, liberating an area that had been under German occupation since 1914. The bulk of the day’s fighting thus fell upon the salient formed by the canal loop around Mons, but the envelopment of the British left did not succeed, in part because of the delay caused by the phantom British force in Tournai. The loop in the canal also constituted an obvious salient, and Smith-Dorrien had prepared another, more defensible, line linking the villages of Frameries and Boussu. By the time the battle ended after nine hours, some 35,000 British soldiers had been involved, with a total of 1,600 casualties. The Battle of Mons inspires a great story The story of the soldiers’ remarkable retreat inspired London Evening News correspondent Arthur Machen to publish his fictional story, “The Bowmen.” The paranormal tale was written as a first-hand account by a British soldier who escaped the Germans after calling upon St. George, the patron saint of warriors. French’s BEF had been originally slated to assist the French 5th Army, commanded by General Charles Lanrezac, in their attempt to break through the center of the advancing German lines. Mons was the decisive battle of the west. Mons was a battle of movement unlike the battles that followed which involved trench warfare. The British suffered some 1,600 casualties, with losses concentrated especially in those units which occupied the canal salient. The decision was made not a moment too soon, as the remainder of the German First Army was marching still farther westward in an attempt to envelop the open British left flank. The ...read more, On August 23, 1902, pioneering cookbook author Fannie Farmer, who changed the way Americans prepare food by advocating the use of standardized measurements in recipes, opens Miss Farmer’s School of Cookery in Boston. The BEF had advanced along a 20 mile front along the Mons canal, and were on there left flank of the French 5th army. The total British casualties amounted to just over 1,600 of all ranks, killed, wounded and missing, during the Battle of Mons. Indeed, there was a delay early in the day caused by a report that Allied troops, perhaps British, were detraining in force at Tournai, some 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Mons. The Battle of Mons was the first major battle of World War One. Seven people die from what turns out to be the first cases of West Nile virus in the United States. The British II and I Corps were practically at right angles to each other and faced, generally speaking, north and northeast, respectively. On April 15, 1920, a paymaster for a shoe company in South Braintree, Massachusetts, was shot and killed along with his guard. After his death from a ruptured ulcer was ...read more, Despite worldwide demonstrations in support of their innocence, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed for murder. The Battle of Mons Graupius was therefore considered an overwhelming Roman victory, but a consideration of the aftermath of the battle calls into question its actual tactical worth. Historians have long questioned some details of Tacitus's account of the fight, suggesting that he exaggerated Roman success. Mons was soon being compared to historic examples of British forces defying much larger enemy armies, such as the Battle … The lead-up to the Battle of Mons The Romans took the battle to the northern clansmen in the Battle of Mons Graupius but exactly where that battle took place is still a mystery The men of the north, the clansmen, had tried to stay clear of open warfare with the Romans, preferring a guerilla war, similar to that fought between the English troops and Bonny Prince Charlies supporters centuries later. In less than three minutes Dan Snow describes the British line was shaped somewhat a. Not only was the planned Allied offensive out of the Sambre on the bank the! If you have any questions ranks, killed, wounded and missing, during the late afternoon and,. 3 September, the 3rd Armored Division and other elements of VII Corps were south. The time the battle is a matter of debate requires login ) this email, you are agreeing to,. 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